Dussehra , the festival of Victory. Dussehra also known as Vijayadashami, is an important Hindu festival which is celebrated across India is various forms.
The day also marks the victory of Goddess Durga over the demon Mahishasur. The name Vijayadashami is also derived from the Sanskrit words “Vijaya-dashami”, literally meaning the victory on the dashami (Dashmi being the tenth lunar day of the Hindu calendar month)
Dussehra is also known by the name of Vijayadashmi, which means the victory on the tenth day. It signifies the victory of Goddess Durga over the demon called Mahishasura, who was killed by the Goddess on the tenth day of the lunar calendar.
The name Dussehra is also derived from Sanskrit Ahaha, which meansday. For example, Aharnisha is derived from Ahaha+nisha. The Goddess fought with evils for nine nights and ten days
The effigy of Ravana is the custom of celebration of this festival as it stands for killing all the evils of the soul, which are represented by the ten heads of Ravana.
Legend has it that the celebration of Dussehra started in the 17th century, when the king of Mysore ordered his kingdom to celebrate the festival on a large scale. It was from then onwards that this festival has been celebrated around India with great energy and enthusiasm.
Another interesting and unknown fact about Dussehra is that it marks the change of season, as the hot summer comes to an end, making way for cool and pleasant winter season. It also marks the time of harvesting the crops of kharif and the new beginning to plant rabi crop after Diwali.
Dussehra signifies the power of both, Lord Rama and Goddess Durga as it was the Goddess who told Lord Rama about the secret of killing the demon king, Ravana